Working Time and Commutes in France

Guillaume Desmoulin et Kate Maguire, juil. 2018

France’s labor code does not ordinarily consider an employee’s commute as effective working time. When the commute’s length surpasses the usual trip between one's home and the workplace, however, the employee must be compensated with either time or money. This leaves room for questions regarding employees who are constantly on the move: Is their transit working or rest time? And should it be compensated?

Much of the debate has stemmed from the EU’s 2003 Working Time Directive (here referred to as the “2003 EU Directive”), which outlined a number of specific protections for itinerant and sedentary workers alike. The Directive was left to individual EU states to adopt and implement.


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